Fundamental movement skills in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

J Autism Dev Disord. 2009 Dec;39(12):1694-1705. doi: 10.1007/s10803-009-0813-5. Epub 2009 Jul 9.


The purpose of this study was to compare the movement skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and those without disabilities. Ninety-one children (ASD, n = 28; ADHD, n = 29; control, n = 34), ages 6-10 years, were of average IQ participated. After controlling for age, both ASD and ADHD groups scored significantly lower than controls (p's < .05) on overall gross motor development as well as locomotor and object control subtests, and the ASD group performed more poorly than the ADHD group (p's < .01) on both subtests. Of the children with ASD and ADHD, only 16% had clinical levels of impairment. Potential underlying factors are discussed, with suggestions for future research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / complications
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / complications
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Skills / physiology*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / complications
  • Motor Skills Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / physiopathology
  • Movement / physiology*