Protective role of fructose in the metabolism of astroglial C6 cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide

Carbohydr Res. 2009 Sep 8;344(13):1676-81. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2009.05.023. Epub 2009 Jun 3.


Astroglial cells represent the main line of defence against oxidative damage related to neurodegeneration. Therefore, protection of astroglia from an excess of reactive oxygen species could represent an important target of the treatment of such conditions. The aim of our study was to compare the abilities of glucose and fructose, the two monosaccharides used in diet and infusion, to protect C6 cells from hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-mediated oxidative stress. It was observed using confocal microscopy with fluorescent labels and the MTT test that fructose prevents changes of oxidative status of the cells exposed to H(2)O(2) and preserves their viability. Even more pronounced protective effects were observed for fructose 1,6-bis(phosphate). We propose that fructose and its intracellular forms prevent H(2)O(2) from participating in the Fenton reaction via iron sequestration. As fructose and fructose 1,6-bis(phosphate) are able to pass the blood-brain barrier, they could provide antioxidative protection of nervous tissue in vivo. So, in contrast to the well-known negative effects of frequent consumption of fructose under physiological conditions, acute infusion or ingestion of fructose or fructose 1,6-bis(phosphate) could be of benefit in the cytoprotective therapy of neurodegenerative disorders related to oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Astrocytes / cytology
  • Astrocytes / drug effects*
  • Astrocytes / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cytoprotection / drug effects*
  • Fructose / chemistry
  • Fructose / pharmacology*
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology*
  • Intracellular Space / drug effects
  • Intracellular Space / metabolism
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Phosphorylation
  • Rats


  • Antioxidants
  • Fructose
  • Hydrogen Peroxide