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. 2009 Aug;11(8):668-82.
doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2009.04.010. Epub 2009 Jul 9.

Intensive Blood Glucose Control Is Safe and Effective in Diabetic Cats Using Home Monitoring and Treatment With Glargine

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Intensive Blood Glucose Control Is Safe and Effective in Diabetic Cats Using Home Monitoring and Treatment With Glargine

Kirsten Roomp et al. J Feline Med Surg. .

Abstract

Human diabetic patients routinely self-adjust their insulin dose using a protocol and home monitoring, and perform equally well or outperform physician directed adjustments. The objective of this study was to report the outcome of home monitoring of diabetic cats by owners using a protocol aimed at achieving euglycaemia, using ultra-low carbohydrate diets (< or =10% metabolisable energy) and the insulin analogue glargine for >10 weeks and/or until remission was achieved. Fifty-five cats diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, whose owners joined the online German Diabetes-Katzen Forum, were included. An overall remission rate of 64% was achieved in the cohort. Significantly higher remission rates were observed if good glycaemic control was achieved soon after diagnosis: 84% for cats started on the protocol within 6 months of diagnosis went into remission, and only 35% for cats that began more than 6 months after diagnosis (P<0.001). Only one mild clinical hypoglycaemic episode occurred observed despite tight blood glucose control. In conclusion, intensive blood glucose control is safe and effective in diabetic cats using home monitoring and treatment with glargine.

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