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, 14 (3), 243-56

Immunizing Efficacy of Aromatic-Dependent Salmonella Dublin in Mice and Calves

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Immunizing Efficacy of Aromatic-Dependent Salmonella Dublin in Mice and Calves

T K Mukkur et al. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis.

Abstract

Mice immunized with an aromatic-dependent (aro-) S. dublin strain CS101 by either the intraperitoneal (i.p.) or oral route, were protected against oral challenge with a virulent S. dublin strain CS90, the degree of protection being the greatest when mice had received 3 immunizing doses at weekly intervals. Mice immunized with an aromatic-dependent (aro-) S. typhimurium strain CS332 by the i.p. or oral routes were protected against challenge with virulent S. dublin strain CS90 at 1 or 2 weeks but not at 3 or 4 weeks post-immunization. Mice immunized with 1 dose of aro- S. dublin strain CS101 by the i.p. route developed low levels of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and flagellin-specific antibody but no delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) whereas those immunized with 2 or 3 doses developed significantly higher antibody titres and DTH. In contrast, mice immunized by the oral route developed neither significant antibody response nor DTH. The aro- S. dublin strain CS101 could not be detected beyond day 28 post-inoculation in visceral organs including liver, spleen, mesentery, small intestine, caecum or large intestine of mice inoculated by the i.p. route or in mice inoculated by the oral route with the exception of day 42 post-inoculation. Challenge of mice previously immunized with 3 doses of the aro- S. dublin strain CS101 by the i.p. or oral route with virulent S. dublin strain CS90 resulted in their rapid clearance from the above visceral organs. Calves immunized with the aro- S. dublin strain CS101 by either the intramuscular (i.m.) or oral routes were significantly protected against oral challenge with virulent S. dublin strain CS90. In contrast to the observations in mice, somatic (O) and flagellar (H) antibody titres of calves immunized by either route were negligible as were anti-LPS antibody titres. However, flagellin-specific antibody titres were higher in calves immunized by the i.m. than the oral route. These results indicate that the protection observed in immunized mice or calves against oral challenge with virulent S. dublin was unlikely to have been mediated by humoral salmonella-specific immune mechanism(s).

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