Peptic ulcer bleeding outcomes adversely affected by end-stage renal disease

Gastrointest Endosc. 2010 Jan;71(1):44-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2009.04.014.


Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and peptic ulcer disease (PUD) bleeding may be at high risk of bleeding complications.

Objective: To investigate the outcomes of patients with ESRD and PUD bleeding.

Design: ESRD patients with PUD bleeding were evaluated retrospectively.

Setting: Two tertiary, university-affiliated hospitals.

Patients: A total of 150 PUD bleeding patients were evaluated in 3 groups; end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on dialysis (ESRD group) (n = 50) were age matched with patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not requiring dialysis (CKD group) (n = 50) and those with normal kidney function (normal group) (n = 50).

Main outcome measurements: Rebleeding, transfusions, length of hospitalization, mortality.

Results: Multivariate analysis showed significant predictors of rebleeding to be ESRD and high-risk stigmata. The ESRD group had an odds ratio (OR) of 3.8 (95% CI, 1.4-10.5; P = .008) for rebleeding compared with the normal group, and an OR of 3.8 (95% CI, 1.4-10.3; P = .01) compared with the CKD group. The mean number of (+/- SD) transfusions was higher in the ESRD group (6.3 +/- 5.7 units) than in the normal group (3.6 +/- 3.9 units; P = .01). The mean length of hospitalization was higher in the ESRD group than in the normal group (34.0 vs 16.6 days; P = .01). A greater level of comorbidity was the only significant predictor of mortality (OR 6.0; 95% CI, 2.9-12.3; P = .001).

Limitation: Retrospective study.

Conclusion: ESRD dialysis patients with PUD bleeding have greater rebleeding than patients not on dialysis. ESRD patients should be managed as a high-risk group.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage / complications*
  • Recurrence
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors