The authors were charged with making a series of evidence-based recommendations that would provide concrete advice on all aspects of the management of mild to moderate stages of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The recommendations were primarily targeted to primary care physicians practicing in Canada. The assigned topic area did not include either the assessment of a patient with suspected dementia or the prevention of AD and other dementias. An extensive examination of the available literature was conducted. Explicit criteria for grading the strength of recommendations and the level of evidence supporting them were used. The 28 evidence-based recommendations agreed on are presented in this article.