The antifungal plant defensin RsAFP2 from radish induces apoptosis in a metacaspase independent way in Candida albicans

FEBS Lett. 2009 Aug 6;583(15):2513-6. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2009.07.004. Epub 2009 Jul 14.


We show that the antifungal plant defensin Raphanus sativus antifungal protein 2 (RsAFP2) from radish induces apoptosis and concomitantly triggers activation of caspases or caspase-like proteases in the human pathogen Candida albicans. Furthermore, we demonstrate that deletion of C. albicans metacaspase 1, encoding the only reported (putative) caspase in C. albicans, significantly affects caspase activation by the apoptotic stimulus acetic acid, but not by RsAFP2. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the induction of apoptosis with concomitant caspase activation by a defensin in this pathogen. Moreover, our data point to the existence of at least two different types of caspases or caspase-like proteases in C. albicans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetic Acid / pharmacology
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Candida albicans / drug effects*
  • Candida albicans / physiology
  • Caspases / metabolism*
  • Defensins / pharmacology*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Plant Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Raphanus / chemistry*


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Defensins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Caspases
  • Acetic Acid