Kinetic analysis of antibody responses to Blastocystis hominis in sera and intestinal secretions of orally infected mice

Parasitol Res. 2009 Oct;105(5):1303-10. doi: 10.1007/s00436-009-1556-0. Epub 2009 Jul 14.


The kinetics of antibody production against Blastocystis hominis, an emerging infectious protozoan parasite which causes intestinal disorder in humans and animals, was studied. Sera and intestinal secretions were collected from B. hominis-immunized Balb/C mice for 8 weeks. Flow cytometry was used to monitor the levels of immunoglobulins A (IgA), G (IgG), and M (IgM) from both types of biological samples. The kinetic profile derived from flow cytometry analysis revealed that IgM led the early immune action against B. hominis infection in immune sera while IgA was the predominant antibody isotype in intestinal secretions. Western blotting revealed an array of antigens recognized by both serum and intestinal secretion antibodies. Immunoreactive B. hominis soluble proteins with molecular weights ranging from 28.2 to 77.6 kDa were detected by serum antibodies and 15.1 to 117.5 kDa by secretory antibodies. These antigens may be cytoplasmic or membrane-bound as determined through indirect fluorescent antibody test. Moreover, two immunogens (39.8 and 77.6 kDa) were commonly recognized by serum antibodies, one (70.8 kDa) by secretory antibodies and two (55.0 and 56.2 kDa) by both serum and secretory antibodies, suggesting a possible target in the further understanding of B. hominis pathogenicity, discovery of virulence factors, and development of immunology-based diagnostic protocols and alternative modes of treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / analysis*
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / blood*
  • Antigens, Protozoan / chemistry
  • Antigens, Protozoan / immunology
  • Blastocystis Infections / immunology*
  • Blastocystis hominis / immunology*
  • Blood / immunology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
  • Immunoglobulin A / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin A / blood
  • Immunoglobulin G / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Immunoglobulin M / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin M / blood
  • Intestinal Secretions / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Molecular Weight


  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Antigens, Protozoan
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M