[High prevalence of job dissatisfaction among female physicians: work-family conflict as a potential stressor]

Orv Hetil. 2009 Aug 2;150(31):1451-6. doi: 10.1556/OH.2009.28582.
[Article in Hu]


Due to the family-centric nature of Hungarian society and to the high proportion of women in the medical profession, more female than male physicians may experience work-family conflict. The authors hypothesized that work-family conflict may reduce job satisfaction among female physicians. However, there is limited information about the prevalence of work-family conflict and job dissatisfaction as well as their associations among female physicians.

Aims: To explore the prevalence of work-family conflict and its relations to job dissatisfaction among Hungarian physicians.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with 219 female and 201 male physicians using self-report questionnaires.

Results: As hypothesized, female physicians reported significantly higher level of work-family conflict compared to male physicians (3.0 (SD 0.9) vs. 2.6 (SD 0.9); t (df): -3.8 (418); p < 0.001). Furthermore, more female than male physicians experienced work-family conflict often or extremely often [56% vs. 41%, respectively; chi 2 (df) = 9.3 (1); p < 0.01]. Significantly fewer women (55%) than men (66%) reported high levels of job satisfaction [chi 2 (df) = 4.8 (1), p < 0.05]. Similarly, significantly more female physicians (13%) experienced high level of job dissatisfaction compared to men (6%) [chi 2 (df) = 4.7 (1), p < 0.05]. Linear regression analyses showed that work-family conflict predicts job dissatisfaction among female and all physicians (beta = -0.17, 95% CI -0.31 - -0.04 and beta = -0.14, 95% CI -0.22 - -0.04, respectively).

Conclusions: These results show that the level and prevalence of work-family conflict experienced by female physicians in Hungary is significantly higher than that among male physicians. Furthermore, these findings suggest that work-family conflict as a stressor may contribute to the development of job dissatisfaction and hence may adversely impact the well-being of female and male physicians and consequently the quality of patient care.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Conflict, Psychological*
  • Family*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hungary / epidemiology
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physicians, Women / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Distribution
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workload
  • Workplace*