Structure, stability, thermodynamic properties, and IR spectra of the protonated water decamer H+(H2O)10

J Phys Chem A. 2009 Aug 13;113(32):9237-42. doi: 10.1021/jp9042182.


Protonated water clusters H+(H2O)n favor two-dimensional (2D) structures for n < or = 7 at low temperatures. At 0 K, the 2D and three-dimensional (3D) structures for n = 8 are almost isoenergetic, and the 3D structures for n > 9 tend to be more stable. However, for n = 9, the netlike structures are likely to be more stable above 150 K. In this regard, we investigate the case of n = 10 to find which structure is more stable between the 3D structure and the netlike structure around 150 and 250 K. We use density functional theory, Møller-Plesset second-order perturbation theory, and coupled cluster theory with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations (CCSD(T)). At the complete basis set limit for the CCSD(T) level of theory, three isomers of 3D cage structure are much more stable in zero point energy corrected binding energy and in free binding energies at 150 K than the lowest energy netlike structures, while the netlike structure would be more stable around approximately 250 K. The predicted vibrational spectra are in good agreement with the experiment. One of the three isomers explains the experimental IR observation of an acceptor (A) type peak of a dangling hydrogen atom.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Protons*
  • Quantum Theory
  • Spectrophotometry, Infrared
  • Temperature
  • Thermodynamics*
  • Vibration
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Polymers
  • Protons
  • Water