Pneumatic retinopexy. An analysis of intraoperative and postoperative complications. The Retinal Detachment Study Group

Retina. 1991;11(3):285-94.


There have been 26 series (1,274 eyes) published on the use of pneumatic retinopexy for selected retinal detachments. Eighty percent were reattached with a single procedure and 98% with reoperations. New retinal breaks occurred in 13% and proliferative vitreoretinopathy in 4%. The three complications reported with pneumatic retinopexy but not with scleral buckling are subretinal gas, gas entrapment at the pars plana, and subconjunctival gas. Twenty-six complications of pneumatic retinopexy, most of which may also occur with scleral buckling, are discussed as to incidence, cause, prevention, and management.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Cryosurgery / adverse effects*
  • Gases / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Light Coagulation / adverse effects*
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Reoperation
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery*
  • Scleral Buckling / adverse effects*
  • Visual Acuity


  • Gases