DNA mismatch repair deficiency in endometrial carcinoma

Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2009 May;28(3):239-55. doi: 10.1097/PGP.0b013e31818d8fe6.


Microsatellite instability (MSI) is the hallmark of a molecular pathway to carcinogenesis due to sporadic or inherited abnormalities of DNA mismatch repair genes. Inherited mutations are seen in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome. Endometrial carcinoma shows as high an incidence of MSI as does colorectal carcinoma. This review provides a framework for the gynecologic pathologist to understand the complexities of MSI in endometrial carcinoma, by discussing the basic mechanisms of mismatch repair and carcinogenesis, testing, the morphologic features of MSI endometrial cancer and the contradictory data regarding prognosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mismatch Repair*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Microsatellite Instability*