Characteristics of twelve cytochromes P450 (CYPs) from cynomolgus monkeys were compared with those of human CYPs that play an important role in drug metabolism. Eleven members of CYP1A, CYP2A, CYP2C, CYP2D, CYP2E, and CYP3A subfamilies from cynomolgus monkeys exhibited a high degree of homologies (more than 90%) in cDNA and amino acid sequences with corresponding human CYPs, and catalysed typical reactions of corresponding human CYPs. One member of the cynomolgus monkey CYP2C subfamily, CYP2C76, exhibited a lower homology (around 70%) in amino acid sequences with other cynomolgus monkey and human CYP2C subfamilies. CYP2C76 catalysed typical CYP2C substrates with low activities, and has not been found in humans. CYPs identified in cynomolgus monkeys were similar to CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 in humans. These results indicate that cynomolgus monkeys express CYPs similar to human CYPs that are important in drug metabolism.