Suicide bombings: process of care of mass casualties in the developing world

Disasters. 2009 Oct;33(4):809-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2009.01110.x. Epub 2009 Jul 14.


In recent times Pakistan's biggest city, Karachi, has witnessed numerous terrorist attacks. The city does not have an emergency response system and only one of the three public sector hospitals has a trauma centre. We describe the pattern of injuries and management of two terror-related mass casualty incidents involving suicide bombers in a developing nation with limited resources. The first incident occurred in May 2002 with 36 casualties, of whom 13 (36%) died immediately and 11 (30.5%) died at the primary receiving hospitals. The second incident was targeted against the local population in May 2004. The blast resulted in 104 casualties, of which 14 (13.46%) died at the site. All patients had their initial assessment and treatment based on Advanced Trauma and Life Support principles and documented on a trauma form.

MeSH terms

  • Blast Injuries*
  • Bombs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Developing Countries / statistics & numerical data*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Mass Casualty Incidents / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pakistan
  • Relief Work / organization & administration*
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
  • Terrorism / statistics & numerical data*
  • Trauma Severity Indices