Objective: To evaluate the risk factors for positive margins in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 3 and the outcomes of postconization management.
Methods: A retrospective review of the records of 1113 women who underwent conization for CIN 3 between 2000 and 2008.
Results: Positive margins occurred in the following: 104 (10.7%) women with severe dysplasia versus 37 (26.2%) with carcinoma in situ; 32 (4.8%) treated with cold knife conization versus 109 (24.1%) treated with the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP); and 124 (11.6%) premenopausal versus 17 (35.4%) postmenopausal women. None of the women with severe dysplasia had invasive disease in the repeat excision specimen, whereas 3 (8.6%) women with carcinoma in situ had residual microinvasive carcinoma.
Conclusion: LEEP, carcinoma in situ, menopausal status, and larger area of lesion are risk factors for positive margins. For women with CIN 3 and positive margins, follow-up at an interval of 6 months or repeat excision are treatment options. However, when repeat excision is technically impossible, whether simple hysterectomy or radical surgery is a rational treatment option requires further investigation.