Desmoplastic ameloblastoma - A review

Oral Oncol. 2009 Sep;45(9):752-9. doi: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2009.01.016. Epub 2009 Jul 23.


Among the ameloblastomas, the desmoplastic variation is rare. The desmoplastic ameloblastoma (DA) is characterized by specific clinical, imaging, and histological features. The here presented retrospective analysis investigated the clinicoradiographic features of an overall of 115 DA-cases, having been reported in literature from 1984 to 2008. DA showed a nearly equal male to female ratio (55/59) with a prevalence within the forth and fifth decades. Sixty-two lesions occurred in the mandible and fifty-one lesions in the maxilla. Clinically, a painless swelling with buccal extension was the most common presentation being found in 48 cases. Radiologically, the lesion often presented multilocular (49.3%; 36/73), mixed radiolucent/radiopaque (55.6%; 50/90) and with ill-defined borders (64.0%; 48/75). Whereas enucleation provided a recurrence rate of 21.1%, resection reduced this rate remarkably to 3.1%. The average period until recurrence was 36.9 months. Histologically, scattered epithelial nests and extensively desmoplasia were prominent features of DA. In conclusion, these retrospective results confirm the statement that DA is a variation among ameloblastomas. DA present clinicoradiographic and histologic distinct features, when compared with "conventional ameloblastomas".

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Ameloblastoma / diagnosis
  • Ameloblastoma / epidemiology*
  • Ameloblastoma / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mandibular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Mandibular Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Mandibular Neoplasms / surgery
  • Maxillary Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Maxillary Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Maxillary Neoplasms / surgery
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Distribution
  • Treatment Outcome