Therapeutic Potential of an anti-CD79b Antibody-Drug Conjugate, anti-CD79b-vc-MMAE, for the Treatment of non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Blood. 2009 Sep 24;114(13):2721-9. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-02-205500. Epub 2009 Jul 24.

Abstract

Here we describe the generation of an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) consisting of a humanized anti-CD79b antibody that is conjugated to monomethylauristatin E (MMAE) through engineered cysteines (THIOMABs) by a protease cleavable linker. By using flow cytometry, we detected the surface expression of CD79b in almost all non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients, suggesting that anti-CD79b-vcMMAE could be widely used in these malignancies. By using NHL cell lines to simulate a patient population we discovered that a minimal cell-surface expression level of CD79b was required for in vitro activity. Within the subpopulation of cell lines above this minimal threshold, we found that sensitivity to free MMAE, mutation of cancer genes, and cell doubling time were poorly correlated with in vitro activity; however, the expression level of BCL-XL was correlated with reduced sensitivity to anti-CD79b-vcMMAE. This observation was supported by in vivo data showing that a Bcl-2 family inhibitor, ABT-263, strikingly enhanced the activity of anti-CD79b-vcMMAE. Furthermore, anti-CD79b-vcMMAE was significantly more effective than a standard-of-care regimen, R-CHOP (ie, rituximab with a single intravenous injection of 30 mg/kg cyclophosphamide, 2.475 mg/kg doxorubicin, 0.375 mg/kg vincristine, and oral dosing of 0.15 mg/kg prednisone once a day for 5 days), in 3 xenograft models of NHL. Together, these data suggest that anti-CD79b-vcMMAE could be broadly efficacious for the treatment of NHL.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic / therapeutic use
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • CD79 Antigens / immunology*
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / drug effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoconjugates / therapeutic use
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy*
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Mice, SCID
  • Oligopeptides / chemistry
  • Oligopeptides / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tumor Burden
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

Substances

  • Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • CD79 Antigens
  • Immunoconjugates
  • Oligopeptides
  • monomethyl auristatin E