Reevaluating simulation in nursing education: beyond the human patient simulator

J Nurs Educ. 2009 Jul;48(7):388-94. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20090615-06.


The human patient simulator or high-fidelity mannequin has become synonymous with the word simulation in nursing education. Founded on a historical context and on an evaluation of the current application of simulation in nursing education, this article challenges that assumption as limited and restrictive. A definition of simulation and a broader conceptualization of its application in nursing education are presented. The need for an ideological basis for simulation in nursing education is highlighted. The call is made for theory to answer the question of why simulation is used in nursing to anchor its proper and effective application in nursing education.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction / methods*
  • Education, Nursing / methods*
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • Manikins*
  • Models, Educational
  • Models, Nursing
  • Nursing Education Research
  • Patient Simulation
  • Safety Management