Short chain bombesin pseudopeptides with potent bombesin receptor antagonist activity in rat and guinea pig pancreatic acinar cells

Eur J Pharmacol. 1990 Nov 6;190(1-2):31-8. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(90)94109-b.


A series of potent bombesin antagonists based on the reduced C-terminal peptide bond modification which in the past resulted in the first really potent antagonists are compared for effects on bombesin-stimulated amylase release from and binding to rat and guinea pig pancreatic acini. It was found that the original member of this series, [Leu13 psi (CH2NH)Leu14] bombesin, displayed partial agonist activity with 11% efficacy in the rat. More recent analogues of this type which were found previously to be even more potent pure antagonists in the guinea pig pancreas or 3T3 cells, exhibited similarly higher binding affinity for rat acini but displayed even higher residual partial agonist activity in the rat. For instance, [D-Phe6,Leu13 psi (CH2NH)Phe14]bombesin-(6-14) was one of the most potent bombesin antagonists known in the guinea pig and 3T3 cell systems but has 40% partial agonist activity in the rat. Several structural modification strategies were developed to remove rat partial agonist properties with retention of high antagonist potency in all systems tested. The most effective of these was the substitution of a Cl on the aromatic ring of the Phe residue (p-Cl-Phe, Cpa) in position 14 to give [D-Phe6,Leu13 psi (CH2NH)Cpa14]bombesin-(6-14). This had higher binding affinities for both rat and guinea pig pancreatic acini and was a pure antagonist on both cell types. Another effective method was alteration of the stereochemistry of the position 14 amino acid in [D-Phe6,Leu13 psi (CH2ND)D-Phe14]bombesin-(6-14) which had somewhat lowered binding affinities but pure antagonist properties.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Bombesin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Bombesin / pharmacology
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pancreas / cytology*
  • Pancreas / drug effects
  • Peptides / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Bombesin
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter / metabolism*


  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Peptides
  • Receptors, Bombesin
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter
  • bombesin, Leu(13)-psi-CH2NH-Leu(14)-
  • Bombesin