[Transcranial magnetotherapy for the correction of initial manifestations of diabetic retinopathy in children]

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2009 May-Jun:(3):25-8.
[Article in Russian]


This study included 45 children at the age from 5 to 17 years with type I diabetes mellitus complicated by diabetic retinopathy. All the patients showed retinal thickening at the macula and reduced amplitude of local electroretinogram suggesting compromised capillary circulation. The capillary blood flow was corrected by transcranial magnetotherapy with the use of an AMO-ATOS Ogolovie unit. The results of the treatment were evaluated from characteristics of laser Doppler flometry. A course of transcranial magnetotherapy comprising 10 daily seances resulted in a significant increase of microcirculation index, respiratory rhythm, and myogenic tone (by 1.64, 1.35, and 1.16 times respectively). In addition, morphometric and electrophysiological properties of the retina underwent positive changes. Transcranial exposure to the traveling magnetic field is recommended for the correction of intraocular microcirculation and prevention of diabetic macular oedema.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / etiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / therapy*
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microcirculation / physiology
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity / physiology