An estimate of the burden of Chagas disease in the United States

Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):e52-4. doi: 10.1086/605091.


Chagas disease causes the highest burden of any parasitic disease in the Western hemisphere. By applying published seroprevalence figures to immigrant populations, we estimate that 300,167 individuals with Trypanosoma cruzi infection live in the United States, with 30,000-45,000 cardiomyopathy cases and 63-315 congenital infections annually. T. cruzi causes a substantial disease burden in the United States.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / blood
  • Chagas Cardiomyopathy / epidemiology*
  • Chagas Cardiomyopathy / parasitology
  • Chagas Disease / epidemiology*
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Humans
  • Sentinel Surveillance
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / immunology*
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Antibodies, Protozoan