Objective: To determine the efficacy of atherectomy for limb salvage compared with open bypass in patients with critical limb ischemia.
Methods: Ninety-nine consecutive bypass and atherectomy procedures performed for critical limb ischemia between January 2003 and October 2006 were reviewed.
Results: A total of 99 cases involving TASC C (n = 43, 44%) and D (n = 56, 56%) lesions were treated with surgical bypass in 59 patients and atherectomy in 33 patients. Bypass and atherectomy achieved similar 1-year primary patency (64% vs 63%; P = .2). However, the 1-year limb salvage rate was greater in the bypass group (87% vs 69%; P = .004). In the tissue loss subgroup, there was a greater limb salvage rate for bypass patients versus atherectomy (79% vs 60%; P = .04).
Conclusions: Patients with critical limb ischemia may do better with open bypass compared with atherectomy as first-line therapy for limb salvage.