Carnobacterium jeotgali sp. nov., isolated from a Korean traditional fermented food

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009 Dec;59(Pt 12):3168-71. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.010116-0. Epub 2009 Jul 30.


A Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain MS3(T), was isolated from a traditional Korean fermented food made with freshwater shrimp. Strain MS3(T) was able to grow at 4-37 degrees C, at pH 5.5-9.0 and in the presence of 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Optimal growth occurred at 30 degrees C, at pH 8.5 and in the presence of 2 % NaCl. The strain was catalase- and oxidase-negative. It was able to metabolize various carbohydrates as energy sources. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain MS3(T) was most closely related to Carnobacterium pleistocenium FTR1(T) (98.95 % similarity), but the level of DNA-DNA relatedness between the two taxa was less than 16.0 %. The genomic G+C content of strain MS3(T) was 43.9 mol% and the major fatty acid components were C(16 : 0), C(16 : 1)omega9c and C(18 : 1)omega9c. On the basis of its genotypic, physiological and biochemical characteristics, strain MS3(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Carnobacterium, for which the name Carnobacterium jeotgali sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MS3(T) (=KCTC 13251(T)=JCM 15539(T)).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carnobacterium / classification*
  • Carnobacterium / genetics
  • Carnobacterium / isolation & purification*
  • Carnobacterium / metabolism
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Fermentation*
  • Korea
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Penaeidae / metabolism
  • Penaeidae / microbiology*
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Saccharopolyspora / classification*
  • Saccharopolyspora / genetics
  • Saccharopolyspora / isolation & purification*


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Associated data

  • GENBANK/EU817500