Objective: To study the effect of Flammulina velutipes polysaccharides (FVP) on the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) and interleukin 2 (IL-2) by murine immunocytes.
Methods: The cell's metabolic activity was determined with methylthiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry assay and the amounts of TNF-alpha, INF-gamma and IL-2 were measured by ELISA.
Results: FVP (200, 100, 50 microg/mL) could promote the metabolic activity of murine splenocytes and peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) and increase the amounts of TNF-alpha, INF-gamma and IL-2 in the supernatants of splenocyte cultures, and the amount of TNF-alpha in PEC cultures, with the most marked increase on TNF-alpha level. FVP (100, 50, 25 mg/kg) could raise the serum levels of TNF-alpha and INF-gamma in S180 tumor-bearing mice.
Conclusion: FVP may regulate murine immune function through promoting the production of TNF-alpha, INF-gamma and IL-2.