Chagas disease in Spain, the United States and other non-endemic countries

Acta Trop. 2010 Jul-Aug;115(1-2):22-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2009.07.019. Epub 2009 Jul 29.


Due to recent trends in migration, there are millions of people from Chagas disease-endemic countries now living in North America, Europe, Australia and Japan, including thousands of people with Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Most infected individuals are not aware of their status. Congenital, transfusion- and/or transplant-associated transmission has been documented in the United States, Spain, Canada and Switzerland; most instances likely go undetected. High priorities include the implementation of appropriate screening, evaluation and clinical management, and better assessment of the true burden associated with this disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Chagas Disease / diagnosis
  • Chagas Disease / epidemiology*
  • Chagas Disease / transmission
  • Communicable Disease Control / methods
  • Developed Countries
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Mass Screening / methods
  • North America / epidemiology
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / isolation & purification