Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion accelerates amyloid beta deposition in APPSwInd transgenic mice

Brain Res. 2009 Oct 19:1294:202-10. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2009.07.078. Epub 2009 Jul 30.


Chronic cerebral ischemia may accelerate clinicopathological changes in Alzheimer's disease. We have examined whether chronic cerebral hypoperfusion accelerates amyloid beta deposition in amyloid protein precursor transgenic (APP-Tg) mouse. At 5, 8, and 11 months of age, C57Bl/6J male mice overexpressing a mutant form of the human APP bearing the both Swedish (K670N/M671L) and the Indiana (V717F) mutations (APPSwInd) and their litterrmates were subjected to either sham operation or bilateral carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) using microcoils with an internal diameter of 0.18 mm (short-period group). One month after the sham operation or BCAS, these animals were examined by immunohistochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein, amyloid beta(1-40) (Abeta(1-40)), amyloid beta(1-42) (Abeta(1-42)), as well as Western blotting and filter assay for Abeta. Another batch of the littermates of APPSwInd mice were subjected to either sham operation or BCAS at 3 months and were examined in the same manner after survival for 9 months (long-period group). In the BCAS-treated group, the white matter was rarefied and astroglia was proliferated. Amyloid beta(1-40) immunoreactivity was found in a few axons in the white matter after BCAS, whereas Abeta(1-42) was accumulated in the scattered cortical neurons and the axons at ages of 6 months and thereafter in the short- and long-period groups. In the neuropil, both Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42) were deposited in the sham-operated and BCAS-treated mice at ages of 9 and 12 months. There were no differences between the short-period group at ages of 12 months and the long-period group. Filter assay showed an increase of Abeta fibrils in the extracellular enriched fraction. Taken together, chronic cerebral hypoperfusion increased Abeta fibrils and induced Abeta deposition in the intracellular compartment and, therefore, may accelerate the pathological changes of Alzheimer's disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / metabolism*
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor / genetics
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Astrocytes / pathology
  • Astrocytes / physiology
  • Brain / growth & development
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / pathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Mutation
  • Neurons / pathology
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Protease Nexins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • APP protein, human
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Protease Nexins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • amyloid beta-protein (1-40)
  • amyloid beta-protein (1-42)