Experimental observation of spectral Bloch oscillations

Opt Lett. 2009 Aug 1;34(15):2372-4. doi: 10.1364/ol.34.002372.

Abstract

We report on the first, to our knowledge, experimental observation of spectral Bloch oscillations in an optical fiber employing the interaction between a probe signal and a traveling-wave periodic potential. The spectrum of weak probe pulses is shown to oscillate on account of their group-velocity mismatch to the periodic field. The behavior of a cw probe spectrum reveals the actual discrete nature of the effect. Recurrences of the spectrum after one and two Bloch periods are demonstrated.