Removal of suspended solids and turbidity from marble processing wastewaters by electrocoagulation: comparison of electrode materials and electrode connection systems

J Hazard Mater. 2009 Dec 15;172(1):345-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.018. Epub 2009 Jul 14.


In this study, removal of suspended solids (SS) and turbidity from marble processing wastewaters by electrocoagulation (EC) process were investigated by using aluminium (Al) and iron (Fe) electrodes which were run in serial and parallel connection systems. To remove these pollutants from the marble processing wastewater, an EC reactor including monopolar electrodes (Al/Fe) in parallel and serial connection system, was utilized. Optimization of differential operation parameters such as pH, current density, and electrolysis time on SS and turbidity removal were determined in this way. EC process with monopolar Al electrodes in parallel and serial connections carried out at the optimum conditions where the pH value was 9, current density was approximately 15 A/m(2), and electrolysis time was 2 min resulted in 100% SS removal. Removal efficiencies of EC process for SS with monopolar Fe electrodes in parallel and serial connection were found to be 99.86% and 99.94%, respectively. Optimum parameters for monopolar Fe electrodes in both of the connection types were found to be for pH value as 8, for electrolysis time as 2 min. The optimum current density value for Fe electrodes used in serial and parallel connections was also obtained at 10 and 20 A/m(2), respectively. Based on the results obtained, it was found that EC process running with each type of the electrodes and the connections was highly effective for the removal of SS and turbidity from marble processing wastewaters, and that operating costs with monopolar Al electrodes in parallel connection were the cheapest than that of the serial connection and all the configurations for Fe electrode.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aluminum / analysis
  • Calcium Carbonate*
  • Electrochemistry / methods
  • Electrocoagulation / economics
  • Electrocoagulation / methods
  • Electrodes / economics
  • Electrolysis / economics
  • Electrolysis / instrumentation*
  • Electrolysis / methods*
  • Flocculation
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Industrial Waste / economics
  • Iron / isolation & purification
  • Nephelometry and Turbidimetry
  • Time Factors
  • Waste Disposal, Fluid / economics
  • Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / economics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification
  • Water Purification / economics
  • Water Purification / methods


  • Industrial Waste
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Aluminum
  • Iron
  • Calcium Carbonate