Correlates of availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables in homes of low-income Hispanic families

Health Educ Res. 2010 Feb;25(1):97-108. doi: 10.1093/her/cyp044. Epub 2009 Aug 4.


Availability and accessibility (AA) has been consistently shown across studies as the most important correlate of fruits and vegetables (FV) intake. However, there is little data on factors that influence AA of FV, especially in Hispanic families. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between parental factors, child's preferences for FV and AA of FV in homes of low-income Hispanic families with children 5-12 years old. A convenience sample of 184 parents of low socioeconomic status recruited through public elementary schools completed a self-administered questionnaire about demographics, language spoken at home and food insecurity (FI). Parental factors and child's preferences were measured using a 16-item questionnaire, which was developed specifically for the study. AA of FV was measured using a validated nine-item index. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that language spoken at home, parental practices that promote consumption of FV, parental role modeling and perceived benefits of fast food had significant and independent associations with AA of FV at home. Intervention programs should take into consideration the language spoken at home and target at improving parental factors in order to improve AA of FV.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Food Preferences / psychology*
  • Fruit*
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Poverty*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Vegetables*