[The Significance of Long Acting Insulin Analogues in the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus]

Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2009;121(13-14):473-82. doi: 10.1007/s00508-009-1209-4.
[Article in German]

Abstract

Between 5 and 10% of the European population suffers from diabetes, and its prevalence is constantly rising, in Austria like in other countries. The main goals in the treatment of diabetes mellitus are the prevention of complications and organ damage, the prevention of severe hypo- and hyperglycaemia and the preservation of quality of life. Many patients with type 2 diabetes become insulin-dependent in the course of their disease. The application of a long acting insulin or insulin analogue is the simplest way of initiating an insulin therapy and is in accordance with current guidelines. Current scientific evidence shows that the use of long acting insulin analogues for type 2 diabetes; which can no longer be sufficiently controlled with oral antidiabetic agents, is simple, safe and efficacious. Thus, this treatment option should be available without any restrictions to physicians and patients in order to facilitate the beginning of an insulin regime. This position paper summarises up the current evidence concerning this subject.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Austria
  • Body Weight
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia / prevention & control
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / economics
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Insulin / administration & dosage
  • Insulin / agonists
  • Insulin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Insulin / economics
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Insulin Detemir
  • Insulin Glargine
  • Insulin, Long-Acting
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Quality of Life
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Thiazolidinediones / administration & dosage
  • Thiazolidinediones / economics
  • Thiazolidinediones / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Insulin, Long-Acting
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Insulin Glargine
  • Insulin Detemir