Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with mitomycin C and gemcitabine for liver metastases in breast cancer

Eur Radiol. 2010 Jan;20(1):173-80. doi: 10.1007/s00330-009-1525-0. Epub 2009 Aug 6.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using different drug combinations in the treatment of breast cancer liver metastases in terms of local tumor control and survival rate. A total of 208 patients (mean age 56.4 years, range 29-81) with unresectable hepatic metastases of breast cancer were repeatedly treated with TACE at 4-week intervals. In total, 1,068 chemoembolizations were performed (mean 5.1 sessions/patient, range 3-25). The chemotherapy protocol consisted of mitomycin-C only (8 mg/m(2); n = 76), mitomycin-C with gemcitabine (n = 111), and gemcitabine only (1,000 mg/m(2); n = 21). Embolization was performed with lipiodol and starch microspheres. Tumor response was evaluated by MRI according to RECIST criteria. Survival rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. For all protocols, local tumor control was partial response 13% (27/208), stable disease 50.5% (105/208), and progressive disease 36.5% (76/208). The 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates after TACE were 69, 40, and 33%. Median and mean survival times from the start of TACE were 18.5 and 30.7 months. Treatment with mitomycin-C only showed median and mean survival times of 13.3 and 24 months, with gemcitabine only they were 11 and 22.3 months, and with a combination of mitomycin-C and gemcitabine 24.8 and 35.5 months. TACE is an optional therapy for treatment of liver metastases in breast cancer patients with better results from the combined chemotherapy protocol.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage*
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Breast Neoplasms / mortality
  • Chemoembolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage
  • Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives
  • Female
  • Germany / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Liver Neoplasms / mortality
  • Liver Neoplasms / secondary*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • Prevalence
  • Survival Analysis
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Deoxycytidine
  • Mitomycin
  • gemcitabine