Turning a nickelate Fermi surface into a cupratelike one through heterostructuring

Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Jul 3;103(1):016401. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.016401. Epub 2009 Jun 29.


Using the local density approximation and its combination with dynamical mean-field theory, we show that electronic correlations induce a single-sheet, cupratelike Fermi surface for hole-doped 1/1 LaNiO3/LaAlO3 heterostructures, even though both eg orbitals contribute to it. The Ni 3d3z(2)-1} orbital plays the role of the axial Cu 4s-like orbital in the cuprates. These two results indicate that "orbital engineering" by means of heterostructuring should be possible. As we also find strong antiferromagnetic correlations, the low-energy electronic and spin excitations in nickelate heterostructures resemble those of high-temperature cuprate superconductors.