A 62-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of polyarthritis. She had also noted a 2-month history of indurated palmar erythema and increasing bilateral hand swelling and stiffness. A biopsy from the area of palmar erythema showed interstitial fibroplasia within the dermis and subcutis representing a palmar fibromatosis. This presentation appears to belong to the spectrum of palmar fasciitis and polyarthritis syndrome. Rheumatologists have recognised this syndrome as a paraneoplastic disorder and subsequent investigations in our patient revealed an elevated cancer antigen 125 and an inoperable ovarian carcinoma. Indurated palmar erythema is a sign that is not widely recognised by dermatologists as a clue for this paraneoplastic syndrome, and skin biopsy demonstrating dermal and subcutaneous fibroplasia may help in diagnosis in the absence of advanced signs of palmar fasciitis.