Selection of a palatable dietary option is not preferentially reduced by cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 in female C57Bl/6J mice

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Nov;94(1):119-23. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.07.016. Epub 2009 Aug 4.


We previously showed in female rats that administration of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 reduced energy intake by selectively decreasing consumption of a palatable dietary option in comparison to a standard maintenance chow. In the present study we sought to generalize these findings to mice. We presented 6 week old female C57Bl/6J mice with daily 8 h access to a sugar fat whip dietary option along with ad libitum access to moist chow. Mice were injected daily with either vehicle (equal parts polyethylene glycol and saline, 2 ml/kg) or one of three doses of AM251 (1, 3, or 10 mg/kg). Food intake and body weight were measured daily for 21 days. Although 8 h access to sugar fat whip did not induce overconsumption in female mice, AM251 reduced their energy intake and body weight in a dose-dependent manner. The decrease in energy intake occurred for both chow and sugar fat whip. This difference from results in rats suggests that the effect of AM251 on palatable food intake may only be evident in models that induce overconsumption and/or that rats and mice may react differently to CB1 receptor antagonists.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects*
  • Body Weight / drug effects*
  • Choice Behavior / drug effects*
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage
  • Energy Intake / drug effects
  • Female
  • Food Preferences / drug effects*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Nutritive Value
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Piperidines / administration & dosage
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Pyrazoles / administration & dosage
  • Pyrazoles / pharmacology*
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Time Factors


  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Sucrose
  • Piperidines
  • Pyrazoles
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1
  • AM 251