Background & aims: In patients with recent hip fracture, reduced serum IGF-I in relation to protein undernutrition is frequent. Elevation of circulating IGF-I in response to a daily oral supplement of 20 g of casein was observed after 6 months. This study determined if the response to casein as compared to whey protein can be observed as early as after one week.
Methods: 45 women were randomized after recent hip fracture in 3 groups receiving a preparation of 20 g of casein, an isocaloric supplement of 20 g of whey protein or an isocaloric supplement of 15 g of whey protein combined with 5 g of essential amino acids (a.a.).
Results: A similar significant elevation of serum IGF-I was already observed after 7 days for casein (+37.3 microg/L), whey (+29.4) and for whey+a.a. (+34.3). From day 7-28, no further significant rise in IGF-I was recorded.
Conclusion: After one week of protein supplementation, the percent increase of IGF-I was of similar magnitude to that previously observed after 6 months of protein supplementation. It suggests that in hip fracture patients, long-term effects of various protein preparations on IGF-I could be predicted from changes observed as early as 7 days after the onset of supplementation.
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