Immunogenicity of recombinant feline infectious peritonitis virus spike protein in mice and kittens

Adv Exp Med Biol. 1990;276:217-22. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4684-5823-7_30.

Abstract

The gene encoding the fusogenic spike protein of the coronavirus causing feline infectious peritonitis (FIPV) was recombined into the genome of vaccinia virus, strain WR. The recombinant induced spike protein specific, in vitro neutralizing antibodies in mice. When kittens were immunized with the recombinant, low titers of neutralizing antibodies were obtained. After challenge with FIPV, these animals succumbed earlier than the vWR-immunized control group ("early death syndrome").

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / immunology
  • Cat Diseases / microbiology*
  • Cat Diseases / prevention & control
  • Cats
  • Coronaviridae Infections / microbiology
  • Coronaviridae Infections / prevention & control
  • Coronaviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Immunization
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Mice
  • Peritonitis / microbiology
  • Peritonitis / prevention & control
  • Peritonitis / veterinary*
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / immunology*
  • Viral Vaccines*

Substances

  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
  • Viral Envelope Proteins
  • Viral Vaccines