Fatal falls among Hispanic construction workers

Accid Anal Prev. 2009 Sep;41(5):1047-52. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.06.012. Epub 2009 Jul 1.


This study evaluated occupational deaths resulting from fall injuries among Hispanic construction workers using data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries and the Current Population Survey. The demographics and characteristics of fatal falls among Hispanic workers were examined and compared with that of their white, non-Hispanic counterparts. The results show that fatal injuries among Hispanic construction workers were more likely to be caused by a fall than their white, non-Hispanic counterparts (OR=1.48, 95% CI: 1.05-2.10) after controlling for possible confounders. The rate of fatal falls for foreign-born Hispanic construction workers was 5.5 per 100,000 FTE, which is significantly higher than 4.1 per 100,000 FTE for Hispanic workers who were born in the U.S. (OR=1.36, 95% CI: 1.08-1.67). The disparities in fatal injuries from falls were found in age groups, job tenure, occupations, and types of construction projects. This study also found that about every two of three fatal falls in construction occurred in establishments with 10 or fewer employees. More prevention, intervention, and training measures must be applied to Hispanic workers, especially those who are new immigrants. OSHA enforcements should target small construction establishments in order to lower overall fatality rates, costs, and unnecessary losses of life.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / mortality*
  • Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Construction Materials / adverse effects
  • Construction Materials / statistics & numerical data*
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Surveys
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Occupational Health
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult