SKAP associates with kinetochores and promotes the metaphase-to-anaphase transition

Cell Cycle. 2009 Sep 1;8(17):2819-27. doi: 10.4161/cc.8.17.9514. Epub 2009 Sep 13.


The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) controls the anaphase onset by preventing premature chromosome segregation until bipolar microtubule (MT) attachment and inter-kinetochore tension are fully established for every kinetochore pair. Once the SAC is off, activation of the Anaphase-Promoting Complex/Cyclosome, a ubiquitin ligase, leads to the degradation of securin and cyclin B, the activation of separase and the initiation of anaphase. We report here the identification and characterization of a G(2)-induced gene, SKAP, as a regulator for the anaphase onset. SKAP localizes to spindle MTs and kinetochores in mitosis. Depletion of SKAP does not activate the SAC, but substantially increases the duration of metaphase, delays the activation of separase, and decreases the fidelity of chromosome segregation. Our study identifies SKAP as a novel regulator of the metaphase-to-anaphase transition and demonstrates that misregulation of the separase activation results in a reduced fidelity of chromosome segregation and a reduced genomic stability independent of the SAC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anaphase*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Chromosome Segregation
  • G2 Phase
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Kinetochores / metabolism*
  • Metaphase*
  • Mitosis
  • Phosphoproteins / analysis
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism


  • Phosphoproteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • SKAP1 protein, human