Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) M1 and T1 are known to be polymorphic in humans. Both polymorphisms are due to gene deletions which are responsible for the existence of null genotypes. Previous studies have suggested that GST genotypes may play a role in determining susceptibility to a number of unrelated cancers, including lung cancer. The GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms were determined by PCR-based analysis in 75 lung cancer patients and 55 controls. The unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to calculate ORs and 95% CI. The frequencies of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes were 37.3 and 22.7% in lung cancer patients and 27.3 and 16.4% in controls, respectively. When analyzed by histology the GSTM1 null genotype was more prevalent in squamous-cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma patients. Whereas, GSTT1 null genotype frequency was lower in small-cell lung cancer patients than controls. But these differences were not statistically significant. According to smoking status, null genotype for both gene are associated with an increase in risk for lung cancer. Our results suggest that GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms may play a role in the development of lung cancer for some histological subtypes and modifies the risk of smoking-related lung cancer.