Motor neuron disease features in a patient with neuroborreliosis and a cervical anterior horn lesion

Acta Clin Belg. 2009 May-Jun;64(3):225-7. doi: 10.1179/acb.2009.039.


A variety of neurological syndromes has been described in neuroborreliosis: cranial nerve palsies, radiculopathy, axonal neuropathy, stroke, parkinsonism, transverse myelitis, supranuclear palsy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, ... We report a case of neuroborreliosis with cervical myelitis presenting clinically as a lower motor neuron syndrome of the upper and lower limbs with proximal and distal pareses and atrophies as well as bulbar dysarthria and dysphagia. During the course of the disease the patient developed the clinical picture of a meningoencephalitis. After initiating ceftriaxone treatment the patient showed a complete recovery. In endemic regions for Lyme disease, in all neurological syndromes neuroborreliosis has to be excluded.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cervical Vertebrae
  • Humans
  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis / complications*
  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis / diagnosis*
  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis / therapy
  • Male
  • Motor Neuron Disease / microbiology*
  • Myelitis / complications*
  • Myelitis / diagnosis
  • Myelitis / microbiology*