Chloro-substituted, sterically hindered 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine as potential chiral antipsychotic agents

J Med Chem. 1990 Feb;33(2):809-14. doi: 10.1021/jm00164a053.


Variable-temperature proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies have shown that 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d] cycloheptene, a 5,11-dicarbo analogue of the atypical neuroleptic agent clozapine [8-chloro-11-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine], exists as thermally stable configurational isomers. The presence of the 2-propylidene group at C-5 on the 5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene moiety did not interfere greatly, as compared to clozapine, with the in vitro affinity of this 5,11-dicarbo analogue of clozapine for muscarinic and dopamine D-1 and D-2 binding sites in rat brain. Since the presence and position of a chloro substituent on the 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine moiety have a marked influence on the respective binding affinities of 1,4-diazepines related to clozapine, chloro-substituted 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine were prepared in order to further examine structure-activity relationships. Evaluation of these analogues for binding to muscarinic and dopamine binding sites in comparison with clozapine and other 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine analogues of clozapine shows that the dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptor affinities of both the 5-(2-propylidene)-5,11-dicarbo analogue and its corresponding distal-chloro derivative, 2-chloro-5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H- dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, are retained. Because of the susceptibility to acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of these tertiary enamines, however, these compounds serve only as model compounds for their structure-activity evaluation. Since the proximal nitrogen atom of the piperazine ring is redundant for biological activity, 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloh eptene and its 2-chloro derivative are excellent candidates for resolution into enantiomers as a means to separate antimuscarinic and antidopaminergic activity, respectively, associated with only a single stereoisomer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antipsychotic Agents / chemical synthesis*
  • Antipsychotic Agents / metabolism
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Clozapine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Clozapine / metabolism
  • Dibenzazepines
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Motion
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Dopamine / metabolism
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / metabolism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Dibenzazepines
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Clozapine