A spiritual-hypnosis assisted treatment of children with PTSD after the 2002 Bali terrorist attack

Am J Clin Hypn. 2009 Jul;52(1):23-34. doi: 10.1080/00029157.2009.10401689.


The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a spiritual-hypnosis assisted therapy (SHAT) for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. All children, age 6-12 years (N=226; 52.7% females), who experienced the terrorist bomb blasts in Bali in 2002, and subsequently were diagnosed with PTSD were studied, through a longitudinal, quasi-experimental (pre-post test), single-blind, randomized control design. Of them, 48 received group SHAT (treatment group), and 178 did not receive any therapy (control group). Statistically significant results showed that SHAT produced a 77.1% improvement rate, at a two-year follow up, compared to 24% in the control group, while at the same time, the mean PTSD symptom score differences were significantly lower in the former group. We conclude that the method of spiritual-hypnosis is highly effective, economic, and easily implemented, and has a potential for therapy of PTSD in other cultures or other catastrophic life-threatening events.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Bombs
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnosis / methods*
  • Imagery, Psychotherapy / methods
  • Indonesia
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Meditation
  • Psychotherapy, Group / methods*
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Spirituality*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • Suggestion
  • Terrorism / psychology*