Catalytic C-C, C-N, and C-O Ullmann-type coupling reactions

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2009;48(38):6954-71. doi: 10.1002/anie.200804497.


Copper-catalyzed Ullmann condensations are key reactions for the formation of carbon-heteroatom and carbon-carbon bonds in organic synthesis. These reactions can lead to structural moieties that are prevalent in building blocks of active molecules in the life sciences and in many material precursors. An increasing number of publications have appeared concerning Ullmann-type intermolecular reactions for the coupling of aryl and vinyl halides with N, O, and C nucleophiles, and this Minireview highlights recent and major developments in this topic since 2004.