Fundamental movement skills and autism spectrum disorders

J Autism Dev Disord. 2010 Feb;40(2):209-17. doi: 10.1007/s10803-009-0854-9. Epub 2009 Aug 15.


Delays and deficits may both contribute to atypical development of movement skills by children with ASD. Fundamental movement skills of 25 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (ages 9-12 years) were compared to three typically developing groups using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2). The group matched on chronological age performed significantly better on the TGMD-2. Another comparison group matched on movement skill demonstrated children with ASD perform similarly to children approximately half their age. Comparisons to a third group matched on mental age equivalence revealed the movement skills of children with ASD are more impaired than would be expected given their cognitive level. Collectively, these results suggest the movement skills of children with ASD reflect deficits in addition to delays.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Asperger Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Asperger Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Autistic Disorder / diagnosis
  • Autistic Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Communication
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Skills Disorders / diagnosis
  • Motor Skills Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Social Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Verbal Behavior