Obesity is a common disorder and related diseases, such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and cancer, are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Western-type societies. Development of obesity is associated with substantial modulation of adipose tissue structure. The plasticity of the adipose tissue is reflected by its remarkable ability to expand or to reduce in size throughout adult lifespan. The expansion of adipose tissue is linked to the development of its vasculature. Indeed, adipogenesis is tightly associated with angiogenesis, as shown by the findings that adipose tissue explants trigger blood vessel formation, whereas in turn adipose tissue endothelial cells promote preadipocyte differentiation. Different components have been identified that play a role in adipose tissue associated angiogenesis. Modulation of angiogenesis may have the potential to impair adipose tissue development and thus may provide a novel therapeutic approach for prevention and treatment of obesity.
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