Background: Delirium is a common problem in hospitalized patients.
Objective: The author investigated the relationship between in-hospital delirium and subsequent depressive and anxiety symptoms.
Method: A literature search and review using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and PsycINFO was performed.
Results: Eight studies were eligible. Five studies found significant associations between delirium episodes and subsequent symptoms of depression and/or anxiety.
Conclusion: Psychological distress is common after delirium, warranting comprehensive evaluation and treatment.