Panic disorder, panic attacks and panic attack symptoms across race-ethnic groups: results of the collaborative psychiatric epidemiology studies

CNS Neurosci Ther. 2009 Fall;15(3):249-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00092.x.


The current study investigates race-ethnic differences in rates of panic disorder, panic attacks and certain panic attack symptoms by jointly combining three major national epidemiological databases. The compared groups were White, African American, Latino and Asian. The White group had significantly higher rates of panic disorder, and of many panic symptoms, including palpitations, as compared to the African American, Asian and Latino groups. Several expected race-ethnic differences were not found. An explanation for these findings are adduced, and suggestions are given for future studies so that possible ethnic-racial differences in panic disorder, panic attacks and panic attack symptoms can be investigated in a more rigorous manner.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asian / ethnology
  • Asian / psychology
  • Black or African American / ethnology
  • Black or African American / psychology
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Ethnicity / ethnology*
  • Ethnicity / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Hispanic or Latino / ethnology
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Panic Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Panic Disorder / ethnology*
  • Panic Disorder / psychology
  • Racial Groups / ethnology*
  • Racial Groups / psychology
  • White People / ethnology
  • White People / psychology