The late Pleistocene colonization of South America: an interdisciplinary perspective

Ann Hum Genet. 2009 Sep;73(Pt 5):540-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2009.00537.x.


In this article, we briefly review scenarios for the first peopling of the New World, including the Clovis First/Single Origin, Tripartite, and Dual Migration models. We then discuss bioanthropological, molecular genetic, archaeological and biogeographic evidence for the peopling of the continent. To conclude, we draw on different lines of evidence to make inferences concerning the timing, direction, and type of early human dispersion in South America.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • African Continental Ancestry Group / genetics*
  • Archaeology
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Humans
  • Models, Genetic
  • Paleontology*
  • Population Dynamics
  • South America