The high-dose aldesleukin (IL-2) "select" trial: a trial designed to prospectively validate predictive models of response to high-dose IL-2 treatment in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma

Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2009 Aug;7(2):E7-9. doi: 10.3816/CGC.2009.n.014.


For patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the prognosis is poor. Despite the recent approval of drugs such as sorafenib, sunitinib, and temsirolimus, durable remissions of metastatic disease are rare. This is largely due to the fact that these drugs, while effective, do not result in the eradication of disease. In 1992, the FDA approved the use of high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) for the treatment of patients with metastatic RCC because of a small number of patients that achieved durable responses. However, IL-2 has not become a mainstay of treatment because of the expense and toxicity associated with this therapy. This review article discusses a phase II trial that investigates predictive biomarkers that might help clinicians identify the patient population with metastatic RCC that would benefit from IL-2 therapy and therefore limit patients who receive this toxic therapy to those most likely to benefit.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / drug therapy*
  • Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-2 / analogs & derivatives*
  • Interleukin-2 / therapeutic use
  • Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use
  • Research Design*


  • Interleukin-2
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • aldesleukin