Objective: IL-1beta plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Schnitzler's syndrome (SS). We have investigated inflammasome activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from a patient affected by a variant type of SS.
Methods: PBMCs were purified by Ficoll and examined for ability to secrete IL-1beta and -18, expression and function of the P2X(7) receptor and expression of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domaine (ASC) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) before and after the therapy with steroid. Furthermore, extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) blood levels were determined by luciferase assay. Expression of inflammasome components was measured by real time PCR and western blotting.
Results: PBMCs of patient with SS showed a high, spontaneous and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated, IL-1beta release but low response to stimulation with the P2X(7) agonist benzoyl ATP. P2X(7) expression was several fold increased, whereas ASC expression was dramatically decreased compared with PBMCs from healthy controls. NLRP3 expression was unchanged. Prednisone treatment induced remission of clinical symptoms and normalized IL-1beta secretion and P2X(7) and ASC expression.
Conclusion: These findings reveal the presence of an overall derangement of the inflammasome and IL-1beta processing and release in SS.